"Security-by-design" is a principle and approach in which security considerations are integrated into every stage of the design and development process of software, systems, applications, or products. The goal of security-by-design is to ensure that security measures and safeguards are built into the foundation of a solution rather than added as an afterthought.

Key principles and concepts of security-by-design include:

  1. Proactive Approach: Security-by-design emphasizes proactive identification and mitigation of security risks from the very beginning of the development process.
  2. Threat Modeling: Teams perform threat modeling to identify potential security threats and vulnerabilities and design appropriate countermeasures.
  3. Secure Architecture: Security considerations influence the architecture and design of systems, ensuring that security controls and best practices are incorporated.
  4. Least Privilege: Access controls and permissions are assigned based on the principle of least privilege, granting users and processes only the minimum permissions required to perform their tasks.
  5. Default Security Settings: Security-by-design ensures that default configurations and settings are secure, minimizing the need for additional configuration after deployment.
  6. Encryption: Sensitive data is encrypted both at rest and in transit to protect it from unauthorized access.
  7. Authentication and Authorization: Robust authentication and authorization mechanisms are implemented to ensure only authorized users have access to resources.
  8. Input Validation: All user inputs and data are validated and sanitized to prevent common vulnerabilities like SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS).
  9. Secure Coding Practices: Developers follow secure coding practices to write code that is resistant to common vulnerabilities and exploits.
  10. Continuous Monitoring: Security-by-design includes continuous monitoring and auditing of systems to detect and respond to security incidents promptly.
  11. Education and Training: Development teams are educated about security best practices to ensure a common understanding of security principles and requirements.
  12. Third-Party Dependencies: Security-by-design extends to third-party libraries and components, ensuring that they are up to date and free from known vulnerabilities.

By incorporating security-by-design principles, organizations can reduce the risk of security breaches, data leaks, and other vulnerabilities that could compromise the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of their systems and applications. This approach helps build trust among users, enhances compliance with regulatory requirements, and promotes a culture of security throughout the development lifecycle.

Updated on 11 Aug, 2023
Tagged Checkmarx Bright