FIND ALL YOUR CYBER SECURITY ANSWERS ON OUR WIKI PAGEThe Cert2Connect wiki for a clear overview of terminology and the many abbreviations in the cyber, cloud and software security landscape.
Kubernetes, often abbreviated as "K8s," is an open-source container orchestration platform developed by Google. It automates the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. Kubernetes provides a framework for managing and orchestrating containers in a clustered environment, making it easier to deploy and operate complex microservices architectures.
Key features and concepts of Kubernetes include:
- Container Orchestration: Kubernetes manages the deployment, scaling, and operation of containerized applications across clusters of hosts.
- Container Abstraction: It abstracts away the underlying infrastructure, allowing developers to focus on writing and packaging applications in containers.
- Pods: The smallest deployable units in Kubernetes are pods, which can contain one or more tightly coupled containers that share resources and network.
- Services: Services define networking and load balancing for groups of pods, allowing applications to communicate with each other.
- Deployments: Deployments enable declarative updates to applications, ensuring that the desired state is maintained and automatically rolling back in case of failures.
- Scaling: Kubernetes allows both manual and automated scaling of applications based on resource usage or custom metrics.
- Configuration and Secrets: Kubernetes manages configuration data and secrets separately from application code, enhancing security and manageability.
- Storage Orchestration: Kubernetes provides mechanisms for dynamic provisioning and management of storage volumes for containers.
- Self-Healing: Kubernetes automatically replaces or reschedules containers that fail or become unresponsive.
- Cluster Management: Kubernetes manages and monitors clusters of hosts, ensuring high availability and fault tolerance.
- Extensibility: Kubernetes is highly extensible, allowing users to add custom functionality through APIs, custom resources, and plugins.
Kubernetes has become a standard platform for deploying and managing containerized applications in both on-premises and cloud environments. It offers powerful tools for automating complex operations, enabling efficient scaling, and improving application availability and resilience.