Infrastructure as Code (IaC)

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)

Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is a concept within software development and system administration where infrastructure configuration and provisioning are treated as programmable code. With IaC, system administrators and developers can define, deploy, and manage infrastructure resources, such as virtual machines, networks, storage, and more, using code.

Some key concepts and benefits of Infrastructure as Code include:

  1. Code as Infrastructure: IaC enables teams to define and manage the entire infrastructure using text-based declarative or imperative code, rather than manual configuration through a user interface.
  2. Repeatability and Consistency: By defining infrastructure as code, the same configuration can be used repeatedly to ensure consistency when setting up environments for development, testing, and production.
  3. Version Control and Traceability: IaC code can be managed using version control systems like Git, allowing changes to be tracked, revised, and documented.
  4. Automation: IaC enables the automation of complex and time-consuming tasks such as provisioning servers, networks, and databases, improving deployment efficiency and speed.
  5. Scalability: IaC makes it easier to scale infrastructure resources based on demand, as code can be easily modified and extended.
  6. Collaboration Across Teams: IaC promotes collaboration among developers, system administrators, and other teams, as they can share and manage the same codebase.
  7. Reusability and Templates: IaC allows for the creation of reusable templates and modules for common infrastructure patterns.
  8. Security and Compliance: IaC enables teams to implement security and compliance policies in the code, enforcing best practices.

IaC tools vary, but some popular options include Terraform, Ansible, AWS CloudFormation, Google Cloud Deployment Manager, and more. These tools empower developers and system administrators to manage, deploy, and test infrastructure changes in a standardized and automated manner, simplifying and optimizing the management of complex systems.


Updated on 11 Aug, 2023
Tagged Checkmarx Bright